Driver changes

This file details changes in 2.6 which affect PCMCIA card driver authors:

  • pcmcia_loop_config() and autoconfiguration (as of 2.6.36)

    If struct pcmcia_device *p_dev->config_flags is set accordingly, pcmcia_loop_config() now sets up certain configuration values automatically, though the driver may still override the settings in the callback function. The following autoconfiguration options are provided at the moment:

    • CONF_AUTO_CHECK_VCC : check for matching Vcc
    • CONF_AUTO_SET_VPP : set Vpp
    • CONF_AUTO_AUDIO : auto-enable audio line, if required
    • CONF_AUTO_SET_IO : set ioport resources (->resource[0,1])
    • CONF_AUTO_SET_IOMEM : set first iomem resource (->resource[2])
  • pcmcia_request_configuration -> pcmcia_enable_device (as of 2.6.36)

    pcmcia_request_configuration() got renamed to pcmcia_enable_device(), as it mirrors pcmcia_disable_device(). Configuration settings are now stored in struct pcmcia_device, e.g. in the fields config_flags, config_index, config_base, vpp.

  • pcmcia_request_window changes (as of 2.6.36)

    Instead of win_req_t, drivers are now requested to fill out struct pcmcia_device *p_dev->resource[2,3,4,5] for up to four ioport ranges. After a call to pcmcia_request_window(), the regions found there are reserved and may be used immediately – until pcmcia_release_window() is called.

  • pcmcia_request_io changes (as of 2.6.36)

    Instead of io_req_t, drivers are now requested to fill out struct pcmcia_device *p_dev->resource[0,1] for up to two ioport ranges. After a call to pcmcia_request_io(), the ports found there are reserved, after calling pcmcia_request_configuration(), they may be used.

  • No dev_info_t, no cs_types.h (as of 2.6.36)

    dev_info_t and a few other typedefs are removed. No longer use them in PCMCIA device drivers. Also, do not include pcmcia/cs_types.h, as this file is gone.

  • No dev_node_t (as of 2.6.35)

    There is no more need to fill out a “dev_node_t” structure.

  • New IRQ request rules (as of 2.6.35)

    Instead of the old pcmcia_request_irq() interface, drivers may now choose between:

    • calling request_irq/free_irq directly. Use the IRQ from *p_dev->irq.
    • use pcmcia_request_irq(p_dev, handler_t); the PCMCIA core will clean up automatically on calls to pcmcia_disable_device() or device ejection.
  • no cs_error / CS_CHECK / CONFIG_PCMCIA_DEBUG (as of 2.6.33)

    Instead of the cs_error() callback or the CS_CHECK() macro, please use Linux-style checking of return values, and – if necessary – debug messages using “dev_dbg()” or “pr_debug()”.

  • New CIS tuple access (as of 2.6.33)

    Instead of pcmcia_get_{first,next}_tuple(), pcmcia_get_tuple_data() and pcmcia_parse_tuple(), a driver shall use “pcmcia_get_tuple()” if it is only interested in one (raw) tuple, or “pcmcia_loop_tuple()” if it is interested in all tuples of one type. To decode the MAC from CISTPL_FUNCE, a new helper “pcmcia_get_mac_from_cis()” was added.

  • New configuration loop helper (as of 2.6.28)

    By calling pcmcia_loop_config(), a driver can iterate over all available configuration options. During a driver’s probe() phase, one doesn’t need to use pcmcia_get_{first,next}_tuple, pcmcia_get_tuple_data and pcmcia_parse_tuple directly in most if not all cases.

  • New release helper (as of 2.6.17)

    Instead of calling pcmcia_release_{configuration,io,irq,win}, all that’s necessary now is calling pcmcia_disable_device. As there is no valid reason left to call pcmcia_release_io and pcmcia_release_irq, the exports for them were removed.

  • Unify detach and REMOVAL event code, as well as attach and INSERTION code (as of 2.6.16):

    void (*remove)          (struct pcmcia_device *dev);
    int (*probe)            (struct pcmcia_device *dev);
    
  • Move suspend, resume and reset out of event handler (as of 2.6.16):

    int (*suspend)          (struct pcmcia_device *dev);
    int (*resume)           (struct pcmcia_device *dev);
    

    should be initialized in struct pcmcia_driver, and handle (SUSPEND == RESET_PHYSICAL) and (RESUME == CARD_RESET) events

  • event handler initialization in struct pcmcia_driver (as of 2.6.13)

    The event handler is notified of all events, and must be initialized as the event() callback in the driver’s struct pcmcia_driver.

  • pcmcia/version.h should not be used (as of 2.6.13)

    This file will be removed eventually.

  • in-kernel device<->driver matching (as of 2.6.13)

    PCMCIA devices and their correct drivers can now be matched in kernelspace. See ‘Device table’ for details.

  • Device model integration (as of 2.6.11)

    A struct pcmcia_device is registered with the device model core, and can be used (e.g. for SET_NETDEV_DEV) by using handle_to_dev(client_handle_t * handle).

  • Convert internal I/O port addresses to unsigned int (as of 2.6.11)

    ioaddr_t should be replaced by unsigned int in PCMCIA card drivers.

  • irq_mask and irq_list parameters (as of 2.6.11)

    The irq_mask and irq_list parameters should no longer be used in PCMCIA card drivers. Instead, it is the job of the PCMCIA core to determine which IRQ should be used. Therefore, link->irq.IRQInfo2 is ignored.

  • client->PendingEvents is gone (as of 2.6.11)

    client->PendingEvents is no longer available.

  • client->Attributes are gone (as of 2.6.11)

    client->Attributes is unused, therefore it is removed from all PCMCIA card drivers

  • core functions no longer available (as of 2.6.11)

    The following functions have been removed from the kernel source because they are unused by all in-kernel drivers, and no external driver was reported to rely on them:

    pcmcia_get_first_region()
    pcmcia_get_next_region()
    pcmcia_modify_window()
    pcmcia_set_event_mask()
    pcmcia_get_first_window()
    pcmcia_get_next_window()
    
  • device list iteration upon module removal (as of 2.6.10)

    It is no longer necessary to iterate on the driver’s internal client list and call the ->detach() function upon module removal.

  • Resource management. (as of 2.6.8)

    Although the PCMCIA subsystem will allocate resources for cards, it no longer marks these resources busy. This means that driver authors are now responsible for claiming your resources as per other drivers in Linux. You should use request_region() to mark your IO regions in-use, and request_mem_region() to mark your memory regions in-use. The name argument should be a pointer to your driver name. Eg, for pcnet_cs, name should point to the string “pcnet_cs”.

  • CardServices is gone CardServices() in 2.4 is just a big switch statement to call various services. In 2.6, all of those entry points are exported and called directly (except for pcmcia_report_error(), just use cs_error() instead).

  • struct pcmcia_driver You need to use struct pcmcia_driver and pcmcia_{un,}register_driver instead of {un,}register_pccard_driver