16. Walkera WK-0701 transmitter¶
Walkera WK-0701 transmitter is supplied with a ready to fly Walkera helicopters such as HM36, HM37, HM60. The walkera0701 module enables to use this transmitter as joystick
Devel homepage and download: http://zub.fei.tuke.sk/walkera-wk0701/
or use cogito: cg-clone http://zub.fei.tuke.sk/GIT/walkera0701-joystick
16.1. Connecting to PC¶
At back side of transmitter S-video connector can be found. Modulation pulses from processor to HF part can be found at pin 2 of this connector, pin 3 is GND. Between pin 3 and CPU 5k6 resistor can be found. To get modulation pulses to PC, signal pulses must be amplified.
Cable: (walkera TX to parport)
Walkera WK-0701 TX S-VIDEO connector:
(back side of TX) __ __ S-video: canon25 / |_| \ pin 2 (signal) NPN parport / O 4 3 O \ pin 3 (GND) LED ________________ 10 ACK ( O 2 1 O ) | C \ ___ / 2 ________________________|\|_____|/ | [___] | |/| B |\ ------- 3 __________________________________|________________ 25 GND E
I use green LED and BC109 NPN transistor.
Build kernel with walkera0701 module. Module walkera0701 need exclusive access to parport, modules like lp must be unloaded before loading walkera0701 module, check dmesg for error messages. Connect TX to PC by cable and run jstest /dev/input/js0 to see values from TX. If no value can be changed by TX “joystick”, check output from /proc/interrupts. Value for (usually irq7) parport must increase if TX is on.
16.3. Technical details¶
Driver use interrupt from parport ACK input bit to measure pulse length using hrtimers.
Frame format: Based on walkera WK-0701 PCM Format description by Shaul Eizikovich. (downloaded from http://www.smartpropoplus.com/Docs/Walkera_Wk-0701_PCM.pdf)
16.3.1. Signal pulses¶
(ANALOG) SYNC BIN OCT +---------+ +------+ | | | | --+ +------+ +---
SYNC , BIN1, OCT1, BIN2, OCT2 ... BIN24, OCT24, BIN25, next frame SYNC ..
16.3.3. pulse length¶
Binary values: Analog octal values: 288 uS Binary 0 318 uS 000 438 uS Binary 1 398 uS 001 478 uS 010 558 uS 011 638 uS 100 1306 uS SYNC 718 uS 101 798 uS 110 878 uS 111
24 bin+oct values + 1 bin value = 24*4+1 bits = 97 bits
(Warning, pulses on ACK are inverted by transistor, irq is raised up on sync to bin change or octal value to bin change).
16.3.4. Binary data representations¶
One binary and octal value can be grouped to nibble. 24 nibbles + one binary values can be sampled between sync pulses.
Values for first four channels (analog joystick values) can be found in first 10 nibbles. Analog value is represented by one sign bit and 9 bit absolute binary value. (10 bits per channel). Next nibble is checksum for first ten nibbles.
Next nibbles 12 .. 21 represents four channels (not all channels can be directly controlled from TX). Binary representations are the same as in first four channels. In nibbles 22 and 23 is a special magic number. Nibble 24 is checksum for nibbles 12..23.
After last octal value for nibble 24 and next sync pulse one additional binary value can be sampled. This bit and magic number is not used in software driver. Some details about this magic numbers can be found in Walkera_Wk-0701_PCM.pdf.
16.3.5. Checksum calculation¶
Summary of octal values in nibbles must be same as octal value in checksum nibble (only first 3 bits are used). Binary value for checksum nibble is calculated by sum of binary values in checked nibbles + sum of octal values in checked nibbles divided by 8. Only bit 0 of this sum is used.